Today in History: September 24
Highlights in history on this date:
1143: Death of Innocent II, pope from 1130 to 1143.
1568: Spanish capture English ships and booty at San Juan, Puerto Rico.
1688: France's King Louis XIV declares war against Holy Roman Empire, called the War of the League of Augsburg.
1 852: French inventor Henri Giffard makes the first flight in a powered airship, cruising with steam power over Paris.
1869: Thousands of businesses are ruined in a Wall Street panic that becomes known as Black Friday, after financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to corner the gold market.
1932: The Poona Pact between Hindu religious leaders, forced by Mahatma Gandhi's hunger strike, gives new electoral rights to "untouchables".
1943: Soviet army crosses Dnieper River north of Kiev as Germans retreat in World War II.
1968: In the US, the CBS current affairs program 60 Minutes premieres on television.
1971: Britain expels 90 Soviets for espionage activities.
1973: Sydney Opera House Official Opening Citizens' Committee receives 4000 applications for free tickets for the official opening of the House by the Queen on October 20.
1975: Britons Dougal Haston and Doug Scott become the first to climb Mount Everest by the southwest face.
1976: American newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery.
1984: Secret Australian Government papers on the Petrov affair are released publicly for first time.
1988: Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson sets a world record of 9.79 seconds to win the men's 100m sprint gold medal at the Seoul Summer Olympics. He is later stripped of the medal for taking drugs.
1993: Former Philippine first lady Imelda Marcos is convicted of corruption and sentenced to at least 18 years in jail.
1994: Officials stop trucks and hand out antibiotics to those fleeing a deadly plague outbreak in western India in an effort to keep the disease from spreading to major cities.
1995: Thirteen people are killed in the southern French town of Cuers when Eric Borel runs amok with a rifle a day after killing his mother, stepfather and half-brother.
1996: The US and the world's major nuclear powers override the objections of India and sign a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
1998: Britain and Iran reach a landmark deal to upgrade diplomatic relations after Tehran dissociates itself from the "fatwa" death edict against British author Salman Rushdie.
2002: Two gunmen attack a Hindu temple complex in Gandhinagar, the capital of western Gujarat state in India, killing at least 30 people and wounding 74 before being killed by commandos.
2002: Britain publishes a dossier on Iraq's weapons program which claims Saddam Hussein can launch a weapon of mass destruction at just 45 minutes' notice.
2005: The International Atomic Energy Agency passes a resolution requiring that Iran be reported to the UN Security Council over its nuclear program.
2009: For the first time, an experimental vaccine prevents infection with the AIDS virus, a watershed event in the deadly epidemic.
2010: Nigerian authorities open the gates at two swollen dams in the country's rain-soaked north, sending a flood into a neighbouring state that displaces two million people.
2013: A 7.7-magnitude earthquake strikes southern Pakistan, killing more than 327 people.
2 014: Disgraced former Australian House of Representatives speaker Peter Slipper is given 300 hours of community service for dishonestly using taxpayer-funded taxi vouchers.
2015: The federal government commits $100 million to boost domestic violence services.
2016: Jeremy Corbyn is re-elected leader of Britain's opposition Labour Party, ending a "coup" attempt by more moderate MPs who said his left-wing agenda could never deliver victory at the polls.
2017: Disturbing images of a Tasmanian devil with large portions of fur missing have emerged from the north of the state, alarming authorities who suspect a type of skin cancer is causing the fur loss.
2018: Hawthorn star Tom Mitchell wins the 2018 Brownlow Medal.
Horace Walpole, British writer (1717-1797); F Scott Fitzgerald, US writer (1896-1940); Lord (Howard Walter) Florey, Australian scientist (1898-1968); Sir William Dobell, Australian artist (1899-1970); Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet politician (1911-1985); Anthony Newley, English actor-singer (1931-1999); Linda McCartney, US-born wife of Beatle Sir Paul (1941-1998); Gerry Marsden, British singer (1942-); Phil Hartman, US actor (1948-1998); Kevin Sorbo, US actor (1958-); Collette Dinnigan, Australian fashion designer (1965-); Liam Finn, New Zealand musician and songwriter (1983-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"Fear cannot be without hope nor hope without fear" - Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (1632-1677).